Inclines

One of Pittsburgh's distinctive features is its cable-powered inclines designed for transportation between the river valleys and the communities on top of the overlooking bluffs. At one time Pittsburgh had about fifteen inclines. Two of them remain, on the south bank of the Monongahela and Ohio Rivers, across from downtown Pittsburgh. They provide service to the Mount Washington for residents and a historic voyage for tourists wishing to sightsee some of the most breathtaking views of our panoramic skylines.
The cars are not self-powered, and do not even have operators on board. Instead, they are pulled up and down the inclined track by a cable driven by an engine in the upper station, where the operator works. The cars operate in pairs, permanently attached to opposite ends of a single cable, with one going uphill and the other going downhill simultaneously. The cars therefore counterbalance each other, so the engine needs to provide only enough power to overcome friction and the difference in the weight of the passengers in the two cars.
The Duquesne Incline, built in 1877, is located just west of the Fort Pitt Bridge, and faces the Ohio River. it has a length of 793 feet, a height of 400 feet, and a grade of 58%. Its lower station is near entrance A to Station Square.  The Duquesne Incline offeres some of the most dramatic views of the city and is often used more by tourists for sightseeing.   Fore more information about the Duquesne Incline call 412.381.1665 or visit their web site atwww.incline.cc
The Monongahela Incline, built in 1870, is located near the Smithfield Street bridge, directly across the Monongahela River from downtown Pittsburgh. It has a length of 635 feet, a height of 367.4 feet, and a grade of 78%. Its lower station is across the street from the Station Square's Freight House Building.  For more information about the Mon Incline call 412.442.2000 or view their web site at www.portauthority.org